Martinez-Gonzalez MA , Sayon-Orea C , Ruiz-Canela M , de la Fuente C , Gea A , Bes-Rastrollo M. - 45714 N - Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2014 ; in press.

Yogurt consumption, weight change and risk of overweight/obesity: The SUN cohort study

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological studies on the association between yogurt consumption and the risk of overweight/obesity are scarce. We prospectively examined the association of yogurt consumption with overweight/obesity and average annual weight gain.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective cohort study of 8516 men and women (mean age 37.1, SD: 10.8 y). Participants were followed-up every two years. Participants were classified in 5 categories of yogurt consumption at baseline: 0-2, >2-<5, 5-<7, 7 and >/=7 servings/week. Outcomes were: 1) average yearly weight change during follow-up; and 2) incidence of overweight/obesity. Linear regression models and Cox models were used to adjust for potential confounders. After a median follow-up of 6.6 years, 1860 incident cases of overweight/obesity were identified. A high (>7 servings/week) consumption of total and whole-fat yogurt was associated with lower incidence of overweight/obesity [multivariable adjusted hazard ratios = 0.80 (95% CI: 0.68-0.94); and 0.62 (0.47-0.82) respectively] in comparison with low consumption (0-2 servings/week). This inverse association was stronger among participants with higher fruit consumption.

CONCLUSION: In this Mediterranean cohort, yogurt consumption was inversely associated with the incidence of overweight/obesity, especially among participants with higher fruit consumption.

Keywords: Yogurt; Overweight; Obesity; Weight gain; Mediterranean diet.