Ivey KL , Hodgson JM , Kerr DA , Thompson PL , Blagica S, Prince RL - 45840 N - Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2014 ; in press.

The effect of yoghurt and its probiotics on blood pressure and serum lipid profile; a randomised controlled trial

Background  Despite strong mechanistic data, and promising results from in vitro and animal studies, the ability of probiotic bacteria to improve blood pressure and serum lipid concentrations in humans remains uncertain.

Objective  To determine the effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis Bb12, provided in either yoghurt or capsule form, on home blood pressure and serum lipid profile.

Subjects and methods  Following a 3-week washout period, 156 overweight men and women over 55 y were randomized to a 6-week double-blinded, factorial, parallel study. The four intervention groups were: A) probiotic yoghurt plus probiotic capsules; B) probiotic yoghurt plus placebo capsules; C) control milk plus probiotic capsules; and D) control milk plus placebo capsules. Each probiotic test article provided a minimum Lactobacillus acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis Bb12 dose of 3.0 x109 CFU/d. Home blood pressure monitoring, consisting of 7-day bi-daily repeat measurements, were collected at baseline and week 6. Fasting total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), and serum triglyceride were performed at baseline and week 6.

Results  When compared to control milk, probiotic yoghurt did not significantly alter blood pressure, heart rate or serum lipid concentrations (P > 0.05). Similarly, when compared to placebo capsules, supplementation with probiotic capsules did not alter blood pressure or concentrations of total cholesterol LDLC, HDLC, or triglycerides (P > 0.05).

Conclusions  The probiotic strains L. acidophilus La5 and B. animalis subsp. lactis Bb12 did not improve cardiovascular risk factors.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2014.07.012

Keywords:  Probiotics; Yoghurt; Dairy; Blood pressure; Cholesterol; Lipid