Possa G | de Castro Michelle A | Marchioni Dirce ML | Fisberg Regina M | Fisberg M - 46762 N - Nutr Res 2015 ; 35(8) : 700-6.

Probability and Amounts of Yogurt Intake are Differently Affected by Sociodemographic, Economic and Lifestyle Factors in Adults And Elderly – Results From A Population-Based Study

The aim of this population-based cross-sectional health survey (n=532) was to investigate the factors associated with the probability and amounts of yogurt intake in Brazilian adults and elderly. A structured questionnaire was used to obtain data on demographics, socioeconomic information, presence of morbidities and lifestyle and anthropometric characteristics. Food intake was evaluated using two nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls and a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Approximately 60% of the subjects were classified as yogurt consumers. In the logistic regression model, yogurt intake was associated with smoking (OR=1.98), female sex (OR=2.12) and age 20 to 39 years (OR=3.11). Per capita family income and being a non-smoker were factors positively associated with the amount of yogurt consumption (Coefficient = 0.61 and 3.73, respectively), while the level of education of the head of household were inversely associated (Coefficient = 0.61). In the present study, probability and amounts of yogurt intake are differently affected by demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors in adults and elderly.