Silva MS; Bilodeau J; Larose J; Greffard K; Julien P; Barbier O; Rudkowska I. - - Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2017; 126 : 64-71.
This study aimed to determine whether dairy macronutrients alter markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in endothelial cells. Human endothelial cells (HUVEC) were treated with ruminant trans fatty acids (rTFA), either trans-vaccenic acid (tVA) or trans-palmitoleic acid (tPA), whey protein hydrolysate, leucine or combinations of rTFA and dairy protein compounds. Industrial TFA elaidic acid (EA) was also investigated and compared with rTFA. Inflammatory prostaglandins (PG) and F2-isoprostanes (F2-isoP) isomers, markers of oxidative stress, were assessed in cell supernatants by LC-MS/MS. Both tVA and tPA, as well as whey protein hydrolysate, decreased TNFα-induced PG excretion. Combinations of rTFA and dairy protein compounds decreased inflammation to a similar extent than rTFA alone. EA increased class VI F2-isoP isomers, whereas tVA mostly raised class III isomers. In summary, rTFA decreased inflammatory markers and increased oxidative stress markers in endothelial cells. Combinations of rTFA with whey proteins or leucine showed no additive effect.
Keywords: Elaidic acid Isoprostane Prostaglandin trans-vaccenic acid Whey proteins