Dura-Trave T, Gallinas-Victoriano F. - 46185 N - Nutr Hosp 2014 ; 30(4) : 794-9.

Milk and dairy products intake in child-juvenile population in Navarre, Spain

OBJECTIVE: To make a descriptive study of milk and dairy products intake in a population of school-children and adolescents and to analyze its nutritional contribution in the diet of this population.
METHODS: A nutrition survey was carried out in the form of personal interview (food intake registration of 3 consecutive school days) in a sample of 353 school-children, aged 9 to 12 years, and 406 adolescents, aged 13 to 16 years, in Pamplona, Spain.
RESULTS: Dairy products intake was referred by 94% of the respondents in breakfast, 69.3% in supper, 42.1% in lunch, 23.3% in the afternoon snack and 16.4% in the mid-morning snack (there were no statistically significant differences among the groups of age). The mean number of diary products servings was 2.0, being higher (p<0.05) among adolescents (2.22) as compared to school-children (1.75). Milk and dairy products constitute the main source of calcium, iodine, magnesium and phosphorous, as well as riboflavin, vitamin B12 and vitamin A, and also contribute substantially to the daily intake of calories, proteins, potassium and zinc; although they provide significant amounts of saturated fat and cholesterol.
CONCLUSIONS: The intake of milk and derivatives in child-juvenile population is inappropriate. The need to undertake a massive public enlightenment campaign involving families regarding the nutritional importance of this food group should be considered.