Mati A; Senoussi-Ghezali C; Si A; Almi-Sebbane D; El-Hatmi H; Girardet J. - - Int Dairy J 2017; 73: 25-37.

Dromedary camel milk proteins, a source of peptides having biological activities – A review

Many useful properties are assigned to camel (Camelus dromedarius) milk, which is traditionally used for the treatment of tuberculosis, gastroenteritis, and allergy in many countries. Some amino acid sequences, which are encrypted in the camel proteins, may play a beneficial role in human health once they are released from milk either in vivo during normal digestion or by proteolysis with purified enzymes or during bacterial fermentation. Similar to the bovine milk counterparts, camel milk bioactive peptides may display a variety of potential activities that were almost always unveiled from in vitro analyses: anti-microbial, anti-oxidative, anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities. Today, there is a growing interest for bioactive peptides generated from camel milk. This paper reviews available data on the potential biological activities of the camel milk proteins and their peptides liberated either during milk fermentation with proteolytic bacterial strains or by enzyme hydrolysis with specific proteases or simulated gastro-intestinal digestion.