Kim D, Kim J. - - Br J Nutr 2017; 117(1): 148-60

Dairy consumption is associated with a lower incidence of the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older Korean adults: the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES)

This cohort study examined the association between total and individual dairy products and the risk of developing the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in Korean adults from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. We prospectively analysed 5510 participants aged 40-69 years without the MetS at baseline during a 10-year follow-up period. Dairy consumption was assessed with a semi-quantitative FFQ at baseline and after 4 years. The MetS was defined according to the criteria by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. The Cox’s proportional hazard model was used to examine the association between consumption of total dairy products, milk and yogurt in servings per week and the risk of incident MetS or individual components. A total of 2103 subjects developed the MetS (38.2 %) during an average follow-up of 67.4 months (range 17-104 months). Frequent dairy consumption (>7 servings of total dairy and milk/week, >/=4 servings of yogurt/week) was associated with a reduced risk of incident MetS and its components. In the multivariable adjusted model, hazard ratios for the MetS were 0.51 (95 % CI 0.43, 0.61) for total dairy products, 0.50 (95 % CI 0.38, 0.66) for milk and 0.67 (95 % CI 0.57, 0.78) for yogurt in frequent consumers compared with non-consumers. An inverse association between milk/yogurt and low HDL-cholesterol was shown only in women. In conclusion, high consumption of individual dairy products including milk and yogurt as well as total dairy were associated with a reduced risk of incident MetS and individual components in Korean adults.

Keywords: Dairy consumption Milk Yogurt Metabolic syndrome Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study