Wang T, Lee HG. - 46516 N - Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2015 ; 55(5) : 720-31.

Advances in research on cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid: a major functional conjugated linoleic acid isomer

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) consists of a group of positional and geometric conjugated isomers of linoleic acid. Since the identification of CLA as a factor that can inhibit mutagenesis and carcinogenesis, thousands of studies have been conducted in the last several decades. Among the many isomers discovered, cis-9, trans-11 CLA is the most intensively studied because of its multiple, isomer-specific effects in humans and animals. This paper provides an overview of the available data on cis-9, trans-11 CLA, including its isomer-specific effects, biosynthesis, in vivo/in vitro research models, quantification, and the factors influencing its content in ruminant products.